The Agreement of May 17, 1983
Peace for Galilee Operation Israeli and Lebanese
negotiators met to discuss a treaty between the two
countries. The delegations held over 35 sessions
alternatively in Khalde Kiryat Shemona and Netanya
starting on 28 December. The agreement was finally signed
on 17 May following high-level US involvement including a
ten day shuttle diplomacy by Secretary of State Shultz.
The main features of the agreement include putting an end
to the state of war between Israel and Lebanon a mechanism
for treaty supervision military cooperation and the
establishment of an Israeli mission in Beirut. Although
the agreement was signed it was never ratified by the
Lebanese government due to strong Syrian opposition to the
treaty. The following is the text of the agreement and the
May 17, 1983
AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF
THE STATE OF ISRAEL AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LEBANON.
The Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the
Republic of Lebanon:
Bearing in mind the importance of maintaining and strengthening
international peace based on freedom, equality, justice and
respect for fundamental human rights;
Reaffirming their faith in the aims and principles of the Charter
of the United Nations and recognizing their right and obligation
to live in peace with each other as well as with all states within
secure and recognized boundaries;
Having agreed to declare the termination of the state of war
Desiring to ensure lasting security for both their States and to
avoid threats and the use of force between them;
Desiring to establish their mutual relations in the manner
provided for in this Agreement;
Having delegated their undersigned representative
plenipotentiaries provided with full powers in order to sign in
the presence of the representative of the United States of America
Have agreed to the following provisions:
1. The Parties agree and undertake to respect the sovereignty
political independence and territorial integrity of each other.
They consider the existing international boundary between Israel
and Lebanon inviolable.
2. The Parties confirm that the state of war between Israel and
Lebanon has been terminated and no longer exists.
3. Taking into account the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 Israel
undertakes to withdraw all its armed forces from Lebanon in
accordance with the Annex of the present Agreement.
The Parties being guided by the principles of the Charter of the
United Nations and of international law undertake to settle their
disputes by peaceful means in such a manner as to promote
international peace and security and justice.
In order to provide maximum security for Israel and Lebanon the
Parties agree to establish and implement security arrangements
including the creation of a Security Region as provided for in the
Annex of the present Agreement.
1. The territory of each Party will not be used as a base for
hostile or terrorist activity against the other Party its
territory or its
2. Each Party will prevent the existence or organization of
irregular forces armed bands organizations bases offices or
infrastructure the aims and purposes of which include incursions
or any act of terrorism into the territory of the other Party or
any other activity aimed at threatening or endangering the
security of the other Party and safety of its people. To this end
all agreements and arrangements enabling the presence and
functioning on the territory of either Party of elements hostile
to the other Party are null and void.
3. Without prejudice to the inherent right of self-defense in
accordance with international law each Party will refrain:
a. from organizing instigating assisting or participating in
threats or acts of belligerency subversion or incitement or any
aggression directed against the other Party its population or
property both within its territory and originating therefrom or in
the territory of the other Party.
b. from using the territory of the other Party for conducting a
military attack against the territory of a third state.
c. from intervening in the internal or external affairs of the
4. Each Party undertakes to ensure that preventive action and due
proceedings will be taken against persons or organizations
perpetrating acts in violation of this Article.
Consistent with the termination of the state of war and within the
framework of their constitutional provisions the Parties will
abstain from any form of hostile propaganda against each other.
Each Party will prevent entry into deployment in or passage
through its territory its air space and subject to the right of
passage in accordance with international law its territorial sea
by military forces armament or military equipment of any state
hostile to the other Party.
Except as provided in the present Agreement nothing will preclude
the deployment on Lebanese territory of international forces
requested and accepted by the Government of Lebanon to assist in
maintaining its authority. New contributors to such forces shall
be selected from among states having diplomatic relations with
both Parties to the present Agreement.
1. a. Upon entry into force of the present Agreement a Joint
Liaison Committee will be established by the Parties in which the
United States of America will be a participant and will commence
its functions. This Committee will be entrusted with the
supervision of the implementation of all areas covered by the
present Agreement. In matters involving security arrangements it
will deal with unresolved problems referred to it by the Security
Arrangements Committee established in subparagraph c. below.
Decisions of this Committee will be taken unanimously.
b. The Joint Liaison Committee will address itself on a continuing
basis to the development of mutual relations between Israel and
Lebanon inter alia the regulation of the movement of goods
products and persons communications etc.
c. Within the framework of the Joint Liaison Committee there will
be a Security Arrangements Committee whose composition and
functions are defined in the Annex of the present Agreement.
d. Subcommittees of the Joint Liaison Committee may be established
as the need arises.
e. The Joint Liaison Committee will meet in Israel and Lebanon
f. Each Party if it so desires and unless there is an agreed
change of status may maintain a liaison office on the territory of
other Party in order to carry out the above-mentioned functions
within the framework of the Joint Liaison Committee and to assist
in the implementation of the present Agreement.
g. The members of the Joint Liaison Committee from each of the
Parties will be headed by a senior government official.
h. All other matters relating to these liaison offices their
personnel and the personnel of each Party present in the territory
of the other Party in connection with the implementation of the
present Agreement will be the subject of a protocol to be
concluded between the Parties in the Joint Liaison Committee.
Pending the conclusion of this protocol the liaison offices and
above-mentioned personnel will be treated in accordance with the
pertinent provisions of the Convention on Special Missions of
December 8 1969 including those provisions concerning privileges
and immunities. The foregoing is without prejudice to the
positions of the Parties concerning that Convention.
2. During the six-month period after the withdrawal of all Israeli
armed forces from Lebanon in accordance with Article 1 of the
present Agreement and the simultaneous restoration of Lebanese
governmental authority along the international boundary between
Israel and Lebanon and in the light of the termination of the
state of war the Parties shall initiate within the Joint Liaison
Committee bona fide negotiations in order to conclude agreements
on the movement of goods products and persons and their
implementation on a non-discriminatory basis.
1. Each of the two Parties will take within a time limit of one
year as of entry into force of the present Agreement all measures
necessary for the abrogation of treaties laws and regulations
deemed in conflict with the present Agreement subject to and in
conformity with its constitutional procedures.
2. The Parties undertake not to apply existing obligations enter
into any obligations or adopt laws or regulations in conflict with
the present Agreement.
1. The present Agreement shall be ratified by both Parties in
conformity with their respective constitutional procedures. It
shall enter into force on the exchange of the instruments of
ratification and shall supersede the previous agreements between
Israel and Lebanon.
2. The Annex the Appendix and the Map attached thereto and the
Agreed Minutes to the present Agreement shall be considered
integral parts thereof.
3. The present Agreement may be modified amended or superseded by
mutual agreement of the Parties.
1. Disputes between the Parties arising out of the interpretation
or application of the present Agreement will be settled by
negotiation in the Joint Liaison Committee. Any dispute of this
character not so resolved shall be submitted to conciliation and
if unresolved thereafter to an agreed procedure for a definitive
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 disputes arising
out of the interpretation or application of the Annex shall be
resolved in the framework of the Security Arrangements Committee
and if unresolved shall thereafter at the request of either Party
be referred to the Joint Liaison Committee for resolution through
The present Agreement shall be communicated to the Secretariat of
the United Nations for registration in conformity with the
provisions of Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.
Done at Kiryat Shmona and Khaldeh this seventeenth day of May 1983
in triplicate in four authentic texts in the Hebrew Arabic English
and French languages. In case of any divergence of interpretation
the English and French texts will be equally authoritative.
David Kimche; Antoine Fattal
For the Government of the For the Government of the
State of Israel Republic of Lebanon
For the Government of the
United States of America
1. Security Region
a. A Security Region in which the Government of Lebanon undertakes
to implement the security arrangements agreed upon in this Annex
is hereby established.
b. The Security Region is bounded as delineated on the Map
attached to this Annex in the north by a line constituting
"Line A" and in the south and east by the Lebanese
2. Security Arrangements
The Lebanese authorities will enforce special security measures
aimed at detecting and preventing hostile activities as well as
the introduction into or movement through the Security Region of
unauthorized armed men or military equipment. The following
security arrangements will apply equally throughout the Security
Region except as noted:
a. The Lebanese Army Lebanese Police Lebanese Internal Security
Forces and the Lebanese auxiliary forces (ANSAR) organized under
the full authority of the Government of Lebanon are the only
organized armed forces and elements permitted in the Security
Region except as designated elsewhere in this Annex. The Security
Arrangements Committee may approve the stationing in the Security
Region of other official Lebanese armed elements similar to ANSAR.
b. Lebanese Police Lebanese Internal Security Forces and ANSAR may
be stationed in the Security Region without restrictions as to
their numbers. These forces and elements will be equipped only
with personal and light automatic weapons and for the Internal
Security Forces armored scout or commando cars as listed in the
c. Two Lebanese Army brigades may be stationed in the Security
Region. One will be the Lebanese Army Territorial Brigade
stationed in the area extending from the Israeli-Lebanese boundary
to "Line B" delineated on the attached Map. The other
will be a regular Lebanese Army brigade stationed in the area
extending from "Line B" to "Line A". These
brigades may carry their organic weapons and equipment listed in
the Appendix. Additional units equipped in accordance with the
Appendix may be deployed in the Security Region for training
purposes including the training of conscripts or in the case of
operational emergency situations following coordination in
accordance with procedures to be established by the Security
d. The existing local units will be integrated as such into the
Lebanese Army in conformity with Lebanese Army regulations. The
existing local civil guard shall be integrated into ANSAR and
accorded a proper status under Lebanese law to enable it to
continue guarding the villages in the Security Region. The process
of extending Lebanese authority over these units and civil guard
under the supervision of the Security Arrangements Committee shall
start immediately after the entry into force of the present
Agreement and shall terminate prior to the completion of the
Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon.
e. Within the Security Region Lebanese Army units may maintain
their organic anti-aircraft weapons as specified in the Appendix.
Outside the Security Region Lebanon may deploy personal low and
medium altitude air defense missiles. After a period of three
years from the date of entry into force of the present Agreement
the provision concerning the area outside the Security Region may
be reviewed by the Security Arrangements Committee at the request
of either Party.
f. Military electronic equipment in the Security Region will be as
specified in the Appendix. Deployment of ground radars within ten
kilometers of the Israeli-Lebanese boundary should be approved by
the Security Arrangements Committee. Ground radars throughout the
Security Region will be deployed so that their sector of search
does not cross the Israeli-Lebanese boundary. This provision does
not apply to civil aviation or air traffic control radars.
g. The provision mentioned in paragraph e. applies also to
anti-aircraft missiles on Lebanese Navy vessels. In the Security
Region Lebanon may deploy naval elements and establish and
maintain naval bases or other shore installations required to
accomplish the naval mission. The coastal installations in the
Security Region will be as specified in the Appendix.
h. In order to avoid accidents due to misidentification the
Lebanese military authorities will give advance notice of all
flights of any kind over the Security Region according to
procedures to be determined by the Security Arrangements
Committee. Approval of these flights is not required.
i. (l) The forces weapons and military equipment which may be
stationed stocked introduced into or transported through the
Security Region are only those mentioned in this Annex and its
(2) No infrastructure auxiliary installations or equipment capable
of assisting the activation of weapons that are not permitted
by this Annex or its Appendix shall be maintained or established
in the Security Region.
(3) These provisions also apply whenever a clause of this Annex
relates to areas outside the Security Region.
3. Security Arrangements Committee
a. Within the framework of the Joint Liaison Committee a Security
Arrangements Committee will be established.
b. The Security Arrangements Committee will be composed of an
equal number of Israeli and Lebanese representatives headed by
senior officers. A representative of the United States of America
will participate in meetings of the Committee at the request of
either Party. Decisions of the Security Arrangements Committee
will be reached by agreement of the Parties.
c. The Security Arrangements Committee shall supervise the
implementation of the security arrangements in the present
Agreement and this Annex and the timetable and modalities as well
as all other aspects relating to withdrawals described in the
present Agreement and this Annex. To this end and by agreement of
the Parties it will:
(l) Supervise the implementation of the undertakings of the
Parties under the present Agreement and this Annex.
(2) Establish and operate Joint Supervisory Teams as detailed
(3) Address and seek to resolve any problems arising out of the
implementation of the security arrangements in the present
Agreement and this Annex and discuss any violation reported by the
Joint Supervisory Teams or any complaint concerning a violation
submitted by one of the Parties.
d. The Security Arrangements Committee shall deal with any
complaint submitted to it not later than 24 hours after
e. Meetings of the Security Arrangements Committee shall be held
at least once every two weeks in Israel and in Lebanon
alternately. In the event that either Party requests a special
meeting it will be convened within 2 hours. The first meeting will
be held within 48 hours after the date of entry into force of the
f. Joint Supervisory Teams
(l) The Security Arrangements Committee will establish Joint
Supervisory Teams (Israel-Lebanon) subordinate to it and composed
of an equal number of representatives from each Party.
(2) The teams will conduct regular verification of the
implementation of the provisions of the security arrangement in
Agreement and this Annex. The teams shall report immediately any
confirmed violations to the Security Arrangements Committee and
ascertain that violations have been rectified.
(3) The Security Arrangements Committee shall assign a Joint
Supervisory Team when requested to check border security
arrangements on the Israeli side of the international boundary in
accord with Article 4 of the present Agreement.
(4) The teams will enjoy freedom of movement in the air sea and
land as necessary for the performance of their tasks within the
(5) The Security Arrangements Committee will determine all
administrative and technical arrangements concerning the
functioning of the teams including their working procedures their
number their manning their armament and their equipment.
(6) Upon submission of a report to the Security Arrangements
Committee or upon confirmation of a complaint of either Party by
the teams the respective Party shall immediately and in any case
not later than 24 hours from the report or the confirmation
rectify the violation. The Party shall immediately notify the
Security Arrangements Committee of the rectification. Upon
receiving the notification the teams will ascertain that the
violation has been rectified.
(7) The Joint Supervisory Teams shall be subject to termination
upon 90 days notice by either Party given at any time
after two years from the date of entry into force of the present
Agreement. Alternative verification arrangements shall be
established in advance of such termination through the Joint
Liaison Committee. Notwithstanding the foregoing the Joint Liaison
Committee may determine at any time that there is no further need
for such arrangements.
g. The Security Arrangements Committee will ensure that practical
and rapid contacts between the two Parties are established along
the boundary to prevent incidents and facilitate coordination
between the forces on the terrain.
4. It is understood that the Government of Lebanon may request
appropriate action in the United Nations Security Council for one
unit of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) to be
stationed in the Sidon area. The presence of this unit will lend
support to the Government of Lebanon and the Lebanese Armed Forces
in asserting governmental authority and protection in the
Palestinian refugee camp areas. For a period of 12 months the unit
in the Sidon area may send teams to the Palestinian refugee camp
areas in the vicinity of Sidon and Tyre to survey and observe if
requested by the Government of Lebanon following notification to
the Security Arrangements Committee. Police and security functions
shall remain the sole responsibility of the Government of Lebanon
which shall ensure that the provisions of the present Agreement
shall be fully implemented in these areas.
5. Three months after completion of the withdrawal of all Israeli
forces from Lebanon the Security Arrangements Committee will
conduct a full-scale review of the adequacy of the security
arrangements delineated in this Annex in order to improve them.
6. Withdrawal of Israeli Forces
a. Within 8 to 12 weeks of the entry into force of the present
Agreement all Israeli forces will have been withdrawn from
Lebanon. This is consistent with the objective of Lebanon that all
external forces withdraw from Lebanon.
b. The Israel Defense Forces and the Lebanese Armed Forces will
maintain continuous liaison during the withdrawal and will
exchange all necessary information through the Security
Arrangements Committee. The Israel Defense Forces and the Lebanese
Armed Forces will cooperate during the withdrawal in order to
facilitate the reassertion of the authority of the Government of
Lebanon as the Israeli armed forces withdraw.
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